Is Kashmiri language written from right to left?

Kashmiri, a language spoken by the people of the Kashmir Valley in India, is actually written from left to right. In this post, we will delve deeper into the writing system used for the Kashmiri language and explore how it has evolved over time.

The Persian Script: Modified for Kashmiri Language

Kashmiri is primarily written using a modified version of the Perso-Arabic script, which is written from right to left. However, adaptations have been made to accommodate the specific sounds and phonemes of the Kashmiri language, resulting in a script that is written from left to right. This adapted script is called the Kaśur kate, and it was created in the 20th century to better represent the distinctive features of the language.

Devanagari Script: An Alternative Writing System

In addition to the modified Persian script, the Kashmiri language is also sometimes written using the Devanagari script, which is the same script used to write Hindi. The Devanagari script is written from left to right and has been employed by some Kashmiri speakers who find it advantageous to use a script with which they are already familiar.

The Shift from Persian to Devanagari

The adaptation of the Devanagari script for the Kashmiri language began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries when the Dogra regime made efforts to promote the use of Devanagari in the region. This was an attempt to reduce the influence of Persian culture and strengthen affiliations with a broader Indian culture. Today, both writing systems coexist, and Kashmiri speakers choose the one they prefer or are more comfortable with.

In conclusion, while the Kashmiri language has its roots in the Persian script which is written right to left, the adapted script, along with the alternative Devanagari script, are used to write Kashmiri language from left to right. The choice of script often depends on personal preference or regional influences.